Case 4

According to s.32, the Charter applies to “the Parliament and government of Canada” and the “legislature and government of each province”. It does not apply to private individuals or corporations. If Mr. Smith discriminates against Mr. Jones, Mr. Jones cannot go to court and sue Mr. Smith for violating his Charter rights (although Mr. Jones would probably be protected against discrimination by other legislation). Of course, the “legislature and government” is a broad term. How far does it apply? To organizations that receive government grants? To people who bring a private dispute to a court created by the government?

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