According to s.32, the Charter applies to “the Parliament and government of Canada” and the “legislature and government of each province”. It does not apply to private individuals or corporations. If Mr. Smith discriminates against Mr. Jones, Mr. Jones cannot go to court and sue Mr. Smith for violating his Charter rights (although Mr. Jones would probably be protected against discrimination by other legislation). Of course, the “legislature and government” is a broad term. How far does it apply? To organizations that receive government grants? To people who bring a private dispute to a court created by the government?
Recent months have seen profound changes to Canadian immigration programs. For those who follow these changes, or whose applications may be affected by them, keeping track of when and how decisions are made and implemented is of the utmost importance. For this reason, CIC News has created a comprehensive list of the large-scale changes that have been made to Canadian immigration programs since January 1, 2012 (with one important addition from December 2011).
While some of changes have already been implemented, many are still in the planning phases and will be put into practice later this year. These changes are presented below in chronological order.
Creation of Parent and Grandparent Super Visa – 1 December 2011